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Institute of Criminology



Klea Ramaj is a PhD candidate in Criminology at the University of Cambridge, supervised by Professor Manuel Eisner. Her project explores the pathways between maternal exposure to violence and early child development in Tirana, Albania, with a particular focus on maternal mental well-being and parenting practices as mediating variables. To achieve this, Klea has spent 10 months in the field, interviewing a representative sample of more than 300 mothers and surveying almost 60 nursery teachers of two-to-three-year-olds in eight diverse research sites across Tirana.


Klea holds a BA in Liberal Arts and Sciences (cum laude) from University College Maastricht (UCM), a highly interdisciplinary degree in Social Sciences, combining various academic fields, including human rights, international law, psychology, neuroscience, economics, statistics, mathematics, philosophy, and sociology. For her BA thesis, she carried out a legal and social scientific critical analysis of the 2015 South Korean – Japanese agreement on ‘comfort women’. Following her BA, she then went to pursue an MPhil in Criminological Research from the University of Cambridge. For her MPhil thesis, which was supervised by Dr. Paolo Campana, Klea explored the rehabilitation and reintegration challenges of Albanian victims of human trafficking following their return to Albania.



Klea has received numerous awards throughout her academic career, including the Cambridge International Scholarship (funded by Cambridge Trust and Newnham College), the Manuel López-Rey Studentship, and the UCM Scholarship.


In her research, Klea employs a victim-centred approach and is particularly interested in shedding light on the voices of marginalised women and children in low-and-middle-income-countries. She is skilled in both qualitative and quantitative research.


Keywords: victimology, domestic violence, intergenerational abuse, human rights


Key publications: 

Ramaj, K. (2022). The 2015 South Korean–Japanese Agreement on ‘Comfort Women’: A Critical Analysis. International Criminal Law Review, 1-35. DOI:

Ramaj, K. (2021). The Aftermath of Human Trafficking: Exploring the Albanian Victims’ Return, Rehabilitation, and Reintegration Challenges. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-22. DOI:

Teaching and Supervisions


Klea has been involved in lecturing and supervising for the Cambridge LPN Summer School and for the Bridging Programme (a collaboration between Christ's, Gonville & Caius, and King's Colleges), in areas such as international human rights law and early child development. She has also organised and delivered various taster lectures for aspiring Cambridge students in the field of law and criminology.  


During the academic year 2021-2022, Klea is additionally supervising undergraduate students for the CRIM1 paper: Foundations in Criminology and Criminal Justice.

Other Professional Activities

Translation work

Klea has recently finished translating the book “What Happened to You?: Conversations on Trauma, Resilience, and Healing” by Oprah Winfrey and Dr. Bruce D. Perry, from English to Albanian.


PhD student
Violence Research Centre
 Klea  Ramaj

Contact Details


Newnham College